Medical Terms

Name Description
Abdominoplasty

Excess skin and fat from the middle and lower abdomen can be removed with a Tummy Tuck (Abdominoplasty). This procedure also tightens the muscles of the abdominal wall and dramatically improves the appearance of a protruding abdomen. Women in particular have a hard time strengthening these muscles after changes associated with pregnancy have stretched their abdomen to the limit. Weight loss can also cause loose skin in the abdominal area, which may be resistant to toning by exercise.
More info on Tummy Tuck

Anesthesiology

The branch of medicine that is associated with the administering of anesthetics.

Anterior Cervical Discectomy

Anterior Cervical Discectomy is a type of surgery that cuts into the neck and vertibrae surrounding the spinal column to remove spinal spurs. This condition is known as osteophytes and it is caused by inflammation of discs in the neck. Typically this surgery is only necessary for older patients. Anterior Cervical Discectomy is only used when there are no signs of instability in the neck or spinal column. This surgery usually requires a hospital or clinic stay of 1-3 days. Recovery is usually complete within six weeks.

Anterior Cervical Discectomy with Fusion-ACDF

Anterior Cervical Discectomy with Fusion (ACDF) is a type of surgery preformed on the neck and spinal column of patients. Usually this procedure is done when inflamed discs are present in the neck or if large spinal spurs are present. The inflamed discs can touch nerves in the spinal column creating intense pain. The discs are removed and if necessary a support, taken from the pelvic bone or made of titanium, is fused around the vertebrae to increase stability and prevent the area from collapsing. A hospital stay of 1-3 days is required with recovery time of around six weeks.

Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion-ALIF

A spinal surgery performed from the anterior (front). This procedure involves removal of specified discs and replacement with metal supports. These supports are comprised of stainless steel and/or titanium rods and screws. It becomes necessary in patients experiencing chronic back and/or leg pain due to degenerating disc space. Since this procedure is performed from the front, the patient lies on their back as the surgeon achieves access to the affected spinal area via the abdomen. Once the degenerated disc is removed, the surgeon will supplement the spine with material supports. Hospital recovery time takes 2 to 5 days.

Balloon Kyphoplasty

This procedure addresses a spinal break or fracture. Categorized as a minimally invasive surgery, Balloon Kyphoplasty involves using an orthopedic balloon to reposition fractured or broken spines to their anatomically correct placement. A spinal cement is then applied to insure the fracture/break is corrected. This allows proper healing and structural support. This procedure takes approximately an hour.

Balloon Sinuplasty™

Balloon Sinuplasty™ technology is a minimally invasive surgery for treating sinusitis. A small sinus balloon catheter opens up blocked sinus passageway. The balloon widens the walls of the sinus passageway. More info

Hear an audio interview about the procedure

Botox

Botox is a purified toxin injected into dynamic wrinkles - wrinkles caused by movement. It temporarily paralyzes the overactive muscles that cause the wrinkles, giving a smoother, softer, more relaxed appearance. It is used in areas such as the frown lines between the brows, wrinkles on the forehead, and crow's feet.More info

Breast Augmentation

Breast Augmentation (Augmentation Mammoplasty) enhances the size and shape of a women's breast. It may also be used to reconstruct the breasts following lumpectomy.
More info on Breast Augmentation by Dallas Plastic Surgeon Diane Gibby

Breast Implant

A prosthesis usually used to make a woman's breast larger by the use of a outer shell filled with saline or silicon. See also breast augmentation.

Breast Lift

To reshape sagging breasts or reduce the size of the areola (the dark skin surrounding the nipple), the Breast Lift (Mastopexy) is an option. It is best to postpone the procedure until childbearing is complete, since pregnancy is likely to stretch breasts again and offset the results.

More info on Breast Lift by a Dallas plastic surgeon

Breast Reduction

Breast Reduction (Reduction Mammoplasty) helps to correct breasts that are overly large and sagging, a condition that can cause back pain and severe discomfort in other areas. An improved appearance is an added benefit of the operation.

More info on Breast Reduction by a Dallas female plastic surgeon

Cervical Corpectomy

Cervical Corpectomy is a type of spine surgery preformed on spinal stenosis patients. Spinal stenosis is a type of spinal problem that creates bone spurs that protrude from the spine and cause irritation and pressure on the surrounding spinal column. When the spurs are large enough to disrupt several vertabraa, a Cervical Corpectomy is often prescribed. In a Cervical Corpectomy the front piece of the spinal column is removed and replaced with bone grafts. Surgery is preformed through the front of the neck.

Cervical Disc Arthroplasty

Cervical Disc Arthroplasty is a form of spinal surgery that is used for patients with degenerative disc disease. This form of treatment is used as an alternative to the more traditional spinal fusion. In arthroplasty rather than using metal or bone to fuse fallen disks together the discs are removed and replaced with artificial discs. Usually either the ProDisc or Prestige discs are used for replacement of discs in the cervical area. Many patients report greater range of movement after Cervical Disc Arthroplasty compared with traditional spinal fusion.

Cervical Foraminotomy

Cervical Foraminotomy is the procedure used to widen the area of the spinal column where the nerve roots exit the spine. This procedure becomes necessary when the intervertebral discs surrounding the area become enlarged or inflamed. The presence of bone spurs can also compress the area causing pinched nerves. This condition is usually caused by age and degeneration and strain placed on the neck and spinal column. In this procedure the surgeon removes the edges of the foramen, widening it so that the nerve pressure is relieved.

Cervical Laminectomy

A Cervical Laminectomy is similar to a Cervical Corpectomy. It is used to treat spinal stenosis patients who have developed inflamed discs and bone spurs that cause irritation to the spinal column. In Cervical Laminectomy the surgery is preformed from the back of the neck rather than the front. Usually no extra fusions or stabilization is necessary if the procedure is done correctly. Patients will usually be prescribed a neck brace for several weeks following the surgery to help the cervical region heal properly.

Cervical Laminoplasty

Cervical Laminoplasty is often preformed on cervical compression myelopathy patients. With cervical compression myelopathy the vertabre in the neck press together causing extreme pain. In Cervical Laminoplasty the spinal discs close to the neck are cut and grooved to relieve the pressure. Usually bone grafts are placed inside the cut areas to provide stability and prevent the discs from collapsing. Cervical Laminoplasty is an invasive surgery and full recovery can take a year or longer.

Cervical Laminoplasty

Cervical Laminoplasty is often preformed on cervical compression myelopathy patients. With cervical compression myelopathy the vertabre in the neck press together causing extreme pain. In Cervical Laminoplasty the spinal discs close to the neck are cut and grooved to relieve the pressure. Usually bone grafts are placed inside the cut areas to provide stability and prevent the discs from collapsing. Cervical Laminoplasty is an invasive surgery and full recovery can take a year or longer.

Cosmetic Reconstructive Surgery

Plastic surgery for improving a person's appearance by restoration and or removing of damaged areas of skin, removal of wrinkles or blemishes, etc.

Decompression

relieving pressure caused by bone pushing on the spinal cord or nerves.

Direct Lateral Interbody Fusion-DLIF

A spinal surgery performed laterally (from the side). DLIF is a minimally invasive surgery designed to correct spinal instability caused by disc degeneration, injury and/or deformity. This procedure is designed to gain the surgeon access to the affected spinal area through the most direct means and involving the least amount of intervening tissue. This approach is noted to cause less disruption of tissue than alternative spinal corrective procedures. Once the degenerated disc is removed, the surgeon will supplement the spine with material supports. Hospital recovery time takes 2 to 5 days.

Disc degeneration

The wearing out of a disc in the spine.

Discectomy

removal an intervertebral disc in order to relieve pressure on a nerve.

Endoscope

A fiber optic tube used to see the inside of the patient’s body in a minimally invasive way.

Fluoroscope

Uses X-rays to view the body's internal structures.

Foraminotomy

Enlargement of the opening where a nerve root comes out of the spinal canal.

Fotofacial

Fotofacial or Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) Intense Pulsed Light Photo-rejuvenation is a non-invasive treatment using pulses of light applied directly to the skin to revitalize texture, reduce redness and sun damage and improve broken capillaries. While there are lasers that can eliminate blood vessels, and chemical peels and bleaching creams for irregular pigmentation, no other procedure combines these effects with the improvement in skin texture provided by the IPL procedure. The Fotofacial requires minimal or no down-time More info

General Surgery

A surgical specialty with focus on abdominal organs

Gynecology

The branch of medicine that deals with the health maintenance and diseases of women, esp. of the reproductive organs.

Hand Surgery

The treatment of a broad range of problems that affect the hand, resulting from cuts, burns, crushing injuries to the hand, or disease processes.

Herniated disc

Some of the tissue is bulging out of the disc of the spine.

Hip Arthoscopy

Use of specialized instruments to treat various disorders of the hip area.

Infectious Disease

Disease caused by a pathogen which enters the body and causes the development of an infection.

Internal Medicine

The branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis, management and nonsurgical treatment of unusual or serious diseases

Kyphosis

The upper back curves forward. The back appears humped. Can be caused by not standing up straight, trauma or age.

Laminectomy

Removal of the back part of a vertebra in order to access to the spinal cord or to relieve pressure on a nerve root.

Lasik

Eye surgery in which the surface of the cornea is reshaped using a laser, performed to correct certain refractive disorders.

Liposuction

With traditional or suction-assisted lipectomy (SAL), one end of a tube is inserted into the area of unwanted fat which has been infiltrated with large volumes of saline to lessen bleeding and bruising. The other end is attached to a machine that creates a strong vacuum. The fatty tissue is removed by manipulating the tube within the fat layers. Ultrasound-assisted lipectomy (UAL) involves the application of ultrasonic energy to adipose (fat) tissue which effectively "liquefies" the fat, which, in turn, can be removed using a low vacuum suction. UAL is a gentler technique which allows a larger volume of fat to be removed. The patient may experience less bruising, blood loss, and swelling, resulting in a faster recovery time than with traditional liposuction.

More info on Liposuction

Lordosis

The inward curve of the lumbar spine. Also called swayback. Extreme lordosis may be caused by osteoporosis or spondylolisthesis.

Lumbar Corpectomy and Fusion

A procedure designed to remove degenerated or damaged spinal material and replace it with bone grafts, which are fused in order to return anatomical stability and normality. This surgery can be performed via the anterior (front), posterior (back), thoracic (torso), and/or lateral (side) approaches depending on the severity of injury, degeneration, or deformity causing instability and the overall health of the patient.

Lumbar Discectomy

The removal of a herniated disc. For more information see More info on Lumbar Discectomy

Lumbar Laminectomy

Also known as open decompression, this surgery treats back and leg pain that may result from a number of conditions, most commonly herniated/degenerated discs and spinal stenosis. These conditions place pressure on the spinal cord and can threaten structural integrity and stability. This procedure involves removing discs (or portions thereof) in order to relieve spinal nerves (the pressure of which causes pain and possible damage). A posterior (back) procedure, the Laminectomy involves an incision and the cutting of tissue in order to reach the affected areas and sometimes replacement of removed spinal material with bone grafts and metal screws and rods. Recovery time is minimal.

Lumbar Spinal Fusion

Lumbar spinal fusion is a surgical procedure whereby bone graft material is placed between vertebrae to promote bone growth that fuses the two together.

More information

Lupus

Lupus is an autoimmune disease where the. The body's immune system attacks your own healthy tissue instead of foreign bodies or viruses. It causes inflammation and damage to the joints, skin and other internal organs.

Microdermabrasion

A revolutionary treatment uses a highly controlled vacuum and pressure system to move small, mildly abrasive crystals over the surface of the skin. This rejuvenating procedure leaves skin feeling smooth and polished. It is helpful for treating acne and sun-damaged skin. It is especially helpful for unclogging pores and reducing blackheads and whiteheads. It may improve fine lines and skin discoloration and soften shallow acne scars. Dermapeel can be combined with glycolic acid peels for an even more effective treatment. This procedure is usually done in a series of five treatments, spaced 2-3 weeks apart, and causes minimal post-treatment flaking.
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Minimally Invasive Cervical Discectomy

Minimally Invasive Cervical Discectomy is a type of Cervical Discectomy that is preformed with minimal invasiveness to surrounding tissues, bones and muscles. In a traditional Cervical Discectomy the spinal column is opened and bone spurs are removed. In some cases the vertebrae will need reinforcement with bone grafts or metal braces. In a Minimally Invasive Cervical Discectomy the bones are not grafted from the patient but are often made from artificial discs created from bone donors. Minimally invasive surgeries are not effective on all patients.

Minimally invasive spine surgery

A technique whereby a surgeon can perform surgery with techniques with potentially less tissue damage and less chance of infection.

Mommy Makeover

A "Mommy Makeover" is a combination of procedures that restore a woman's body to its natural, pre-pregnancy state. The goal is to bring back to form what was stretched-out during the growing and nurturing of a child. For many women, this may start with an abdominoplasty, which tightens the excess skin of the lower abdomen, leaving a scar that can be hidden low in the bikini line. Often, many of the stretch marks of the abdomen can be removed with this procedure. The muscles of the abdominal wall are tightened to improve the "tone" of the abdomen. Liposuction is often performed to additionally contour the abdomen. The changes in a woman's breasts are the next area to be addressed, many times during the same operative procedure as abdominal contouring. Often, women complain that they are "empty" or "deflated" and "droopy" or "low." Breast implants can be used to replace the volume of the breasts, and a breast lift might be recommended to tighten the skin of the breasts to a more natural, youthful position.

Read Article by Dallas Plastic Surgeon on Mommy Makeovers

Neurology

The branch of medicine specialty dealing with disorders of the nervous system.

Neurosurgery

Surgery of the brain and or nerve tissue.

Obstetrics

The branch of medical science that deals with childbirth and caring for and treating women in or in connection with childbirth.

Ophthalmology

The branch of medicine dealing with the anatomy, functions, and diseases of the eye.

Oral and Maxillofacial

Pertaining to, or affecting the mouth, jaws and the face.

Orthopedics

The branch of medicine that is concerned with correction of deformities or functional impairments of the skeletal system.

Otolaryngology

The branch of medicine that is concerned with the anatomy, function, and diseases of the ear, nose, and throat.

Pain Management

The medical discipline concerned with the relief of pain.

Pathology

The scientific study of the nature of disease.

Physical Medicine and Rehab

The branch of medicine which aims to enhance and restore functional ability and quality of life to those with physical impairments or disabilities.

Plastic Surgery

The branch of medicine concerned with the correction or restoration of form and function.

Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion-PLIF

A procedure designed to better allow for biological grafting of fractured or broken vertebrae. It is performed from the posterior (back), involving incision, cutting of tissue, removal of damaged organic material and replacement with a metal bone graft. A successful surgery allows relief of acute, chronic back pain while insuring spinal integrity and stability. As a more traditional spinal surgery, PLIF has other alternatives such as Anterior or Lateral Interbody Fusions. Each procedure is specific to the patients’ situation and needs.

Posterolateral Lumbar Fusion

One of many various procedures in which spinal fusion can be achieved; Posterolateral Lumbar Fusion is considered a premiere method. This is a posterior surgery which includes a bone graft which is positioned in a vascular area resting on muscle in order to facilitate bone growth. This spinal fusion procedure solidifies two separate vertebrae in order to reduce movement that can cause nerve irritation and possible damage.

Pseudoarthrosis

When the bone moves at the point there is a fracture that is not completely healed. .

Radiologist Radiology

The branch of medicine that deals with the use of radioactive substances in diagnosis and treatment of disease.

Resident

A physician who joins the medical staff of a hospital as a salaried employee for a specified period to gain training usually in a specific field.

Restylane™

Restylane™ is a cosmetic dermal filler used to restore volume and fullness to the skin, improving the appearance of wrinkles and facial folds. The most common areas injected are the nasolabial folds (the lines extending from the nose to the corners of the mouth) and the lips. Restylane™ can be used to restore lip volume lost over time or to enhance lips that have always been thin or asymmetric. More info

Sciatica

Pain along the sciatic nerve usually felt in the legs. It can be caused by irritation of a nerve in the back or legs.

Sleep apnea

During sleep, the person stops breathing momentarily. Can lead to brain damage and death in extreme cases. In mild cases can result in feeling tired all day and headaches. There are two types of sleep apnea: Central sleep apnea is when the brain doesn't send the signals to breathe. Obstructive sleep apnea is when the person is trying to breath, but there is some obstruction blocking their attempts to breathe. More info

Spinal Fusion

Any surgical procedure that seeks to correct, join, fuse or stabilize a damaged, degenerating, or deformed spinal column or herniated disc. This is done in order to allow for biological bone growth in the affected area. It generally involves the emplacement of bone grafts (Titanium or Stainless Steel) in order to provide scaffolding for new bone growth. A number of surgical options are available to patients’ specific to their situations and desires, whether the procedure is more or less invasive, amount of tissue affected, etc.

Spinal stenosis

The inside part of the vertebral column narrows and may result in pressure on the spinal cord or nerve roots.

Spine

The spinal or vertebral column ie, the backbone.

Spine fusion

Fusing the vertabrae together to eliminate movement.

Spondylitis

Inflammation of vertebrae.

Spondylosis

Degenerative of the bone in the spine.

Thigh lift

The plastic surgery operation known as thigh lift, thighplasty or excisional thigh lipectomy, is a procedure which addresses a range of problems in the inner thighs, such as: excess fat deposits, loose skin, weak muscles and stretch marks. Thigh lift is a common plastic surgery operation for the removal of loose skin after massive weight loss following successful bariatric surgery. It may also form part of a body lift - a more complex plastic surgery procedure which combines tummy tuck, thigh, and buttock lift. Thigh lifts may combine surgical excision with lipoplasty.

More info on Thigh lift

Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion-TLIF

A specific spinal fusion procedure, TLIF is designed to provide relief from chronic back pain and prevent possible nerve damage as a result of destabilized vertebrae structure. This can be caused by degenerating, damaged, or deformed spinal structures, particularly disc serving as cushions between vertebrae and protecting the sciatic nerve. This procedure facilitates natural bone growth between vertebrae creating a solid connection minimizing movement between bones. Conducted through the posterior (back), a bone graft is applied to the affected area from the patients pelvis and metal scaffolding provides structure and stability during this process.

Tummy Tuck

Excess skin and fat from the middle and lower abdomen can be removed with a Tummy Tuck (Abdominoplasty). This procedure also tightens the muscles of the abdominal wall and dramatically improves the appearance of a protruding abdomen. Women in particular have a hard time strengthening these muscles after changes associated with pregnancy have stretched their abdomen to the limit. Weight loss can also cause loose skin in the abdominal area, which may be resistant to toning by exercise.
More info on Tummy Tuck by Dallas Plastic Surgeon

Urology

The branch of medicine concerned with the surgical aspects, study of the urine and the genitourinary tract in health and disease.

X-Stop® Spacer

X-Stop® Spacer Composed of titanium alloy, the X-Stop Spacer is a remedy for spine conditions including spinal stenosis. It provides relief from chronic back pain and can prevent nerve damage. It is unique from most spinal procedures in that it does not require any additional hardware to maintain spinal anatomical structure or any spinal fusion. It acts as a supplement, taking pressure off the sciatic nerve as discs grow and permanently relieving pressure. The surgery is largely invasive, short, and requires little recovery time.